A quarter of all UK emissions of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas causing climate change, are from the energy used in houses. You can reduce your carbon emissions and save over £300 a year by making your house as energy efficient as possible. Some ideas for methods are:
- Insulation- half the heat in a house is lost through the walls and roof, a cheap and effective option is having your loft and cavity/ solid walls insulated, if you have a cellar space you can also insulate under the floor. You may also consider double glazing, insulating your hot water tank and draught proofing around doors and windows.
- Boiler- when you are purchasing a new boiler make sure it is highly energy efficient rated, and have a thermostat, radiator valves and electronic timers fitted to your heating system to make sure no energy is wasted.
Micro generation of energy will reduce your use of fossil fuels and can be initially costly but will save lots in bills in the long run, you can even sell it back, and it will increase your property value. There are many options for generating energy including:
- Solar panels- photovoltaic’s use daylight to produce electricity.
- Solar thermal panels use the sun to heat hot water; you will need 3-4m2 of south-east to south-west facing roof area and an additional hot water cylinder.
- Small scale hydro-electricity (and heat) using water power to generate electricity, this can be powered by even a small stream.
- Small scale wind turbines.
- Ground source heat pumps heat hot water by using the heat from the ground.
- Biomass- burning wood pellets/ chips etc in a stove or boiler.
- Micro- combined heat and power- a simple process of recovering the heat from generating electricity to make hot water.
For more information regarding any of these see:www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/Generate-your-own-energy